2024 : 5 : 18
Shahrokh Esmaeili

Shahrokh Esmaeili

Academic rank: Associate Professor
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 15834719000
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Address: Department of Mathematics University of Kurdistan
Phone: 08733624133


TCFACO: Trust-aware collaborative filtering method based on ant colony optimization
Collaborative filtering, Recommender systems, Social trust information, Similarity measures Ant colony optimization.
Researchers Hashem Parvin ، Parham Moradi ، Shahrokh Esmaeili


Recommender systems (RSs) aim to help users to find relevant information based on their preferences instead of searching through extensive volume of information using search engines. Accurate prediction of unknown ratings is one of the key challenges in the analysis of RSs. Collaborative Filtering (CF) is a well-known recommendation method that estimates missing ratings by employing a set of similar users to the target user. An outstanding topic in CF is picking out an appropriate set of users and using them in the rating prediction process. In this paper, a novel CF method is proposed to predict missing ratings accurately. The proposed method called TCFACO uses trust statements as a rich side information with Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) method. TCFACO consists of three main steps. In the first step, users are ranked considering available rating values and social trust relationships. Then, in the second step, the ACO method is utilized to assign proper weight values to users to show how they are similar to the target user. A set of top similar users is filter out in the third step to be used in predicting unknown ratings for the target user. In other words, to speed up identifying similar users, the proposed method first filters out a majority part of dissimilar users and then runs the ACO on only a reduced set of users to weight them. Several experiments were performed on three real-world datasets to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed method and the results show that the proposed method performs better than the state-of-the-art methods.