2024 : 4 : 14
Sadoon Azizi

Sadoon Azizi

Academic rank: Associate Professor
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 65456
Faculty: Faculty of Engineering
Address: Room No. 206, Department of Computer Engineering and Information Technology , Faculty of Engineering , University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran.


LPWAN‑based hybrid backhaul communication for intelligent transportation systems: architecture and performance evaluation
Intelligent transportation systems (ITS), Wireless communication, LTE-M, NB-IoT, LPWAN, Real-time traffic monitoring
Journal EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
Researchers Taghi Shahgholi ، Amir sheikh ahmedi ، Kayhan Khamforoosh ، Sadoon Azizi


Increased number of the vehicles on the streets around the world has led to several problems including traffic congestion, emissions, and huge fuel consumption in many regions. With advances in wireless and traffic technologies, the Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) has been introduced as a viable solution for solving these problems by implementing more efficient use of the current infrastructures. In this paper, the possibility of using cellular-based Low-Power Wide-Area Network (LPWAN) communications, LTE-M and NB-IoT, for ITS applications has been investigated. LTE-M and NB-IoT are designed to provide long range, low power and low cost communication infrastructures and can be a promising option which has the potential to be employed immediately in real systems. In this paper, we have proposed an architecture to employ the LPWAN as a backhaul infrastructure for ITS and to understand the feasibility of the proposed model, two applications with low and high delay requirements have been examined: road traffic monitoring and emergency vehicle management. Then, the performance of using LTE-M and NB-IoT for providing backhaul communication infrastructure has been evaluated in a realistic simulation environment and compared for these two scenarios in terms of end-to-end latency per user. Simulation of Urban MObility has been used for realistic traffic generation and a Python-based program has been developed for evaluation of the communication system. The simulation results demonstrate the feasibility of using LPWAN for ITS backhaul infrastructure mostly in favor of the LTE-M over NB-IoT.