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Hossein Jahani-Azizabadi

Hossein Jahani-Azizabadi

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 36155399500
Faculty: Faculty of Agriculture
Address: Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Uinversity of Kurdistan, Sanadaj, Iran
Phone: +988733660067

Research

Title
The Effect of Heat or Heat-Xylose Processing on Nitrogen Fractions and in Situ/In Vitro Ruminal and Post-Ruminal Protein Disappearance of Guar Meal
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
guar meal, degradability, nitrogen fractions, Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA), heat-xylose processed, NPN concentration, reducing sugars, pharmaceuticals manufacturing, germ plus, dry heat, monogastric animals, Crude Protein (CP), Dry Matter (DM), Ether Extract (EE)
Year
2010
Journal American journal of animal and veterinary science
DOI
Researchers Hossein Jahani-Azizabadi ، Mohsen Danesh Mesgaran ، Alireza Vakili ، Moosa Vatandoost ، Einollah Abdi Ghezeljeh ، Mohsen Mojtahedi

Abstract

Abstract: Problem statement: Guar meal is a by-product consisting of hull and germ and is mostly used as a protein source in poultry and ruminant rations. The aim was to determine the effect of heat or heat-xylose processing on nitrogen fractions, in situ ruminal degradation parameters and in situ/in vitro ruminal and post-ruminal disappearance of guar meal. Approach: Samples were intact Guar Meal (GM), heat processed GM (GMhp, GM was heated at 100°C for 45 minute using industrial heater) and heat-xylose processed GM (GMhx, xylose was included in GM to give a final concentration of 10 g kg􀀐1 DM, then was heat processed at 100°C for 45 minute using industrial heater). Ruminal degradation parameters of DM and Crude Protein (CP) were determined by in situ technique using four ruminally fistulated sheep. Post-ruminal disappearance of ruminal-undegradable CP was determined on residue from 16 h ruminal incubation of guar meal samples by three-step in situ/in vitro enzymatic procedure. Results: Non-protein nitrogen of the GMhx and GM samples ranged from 218-319 (g kg􀀐1 N). Acid detergents insoluble nitrogen concentration of both GM and GMhp was significantly lower than that of GMhx (10.3, 11.29 and 18.53 g kg􀀐1 nitrogen, respectively). In situ fractional degradation rate constant (c) of DM and CP was significantly decreased as a result of heat-xylose processing. Effective crude protein degradability of GMhp and GMhx was higher than that of GM. Post-ruminal disappearance of ruminal-undegradable CP of GM hx (0.965) was significantly higher compared with GM and GMhp (0.918 and 0.906, respectively). Conclusion: Results of the present study demonstrated that heat and heat-xylose processing might effectively protect the DM and CP of guar meal from ruminal degradation.