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Ghader Mirzaghaderi

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 24335609700
Faculty: Faculty of Agriculture
Address: Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding - College of Agriculture - University of Kurdistan - P.O. Box: 416 - Sanandaj - Iran
Phone:

Research

Title
Modification of antioxidant enzymes activation and membrane lipid peroxidation in mutant rice resistant to Magnaportheoryzae
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Defense enzymes, Membrane lipid peroxidation, Mutant Rice,Blast disease, Resistance
Year
2016
Journal Der Pharmacia Lettre
DOI
Researchers Dariush Ebadi-Almas ، Said Navabpour ، Ahad Yamchi ، Khalil Zeynali Nezhad ، Ali Moumeni ، Ghader Mirzaghaderi

Abstract

Rice blast, caused by Magnaporthe oryzae, is the most devastating fungal disease in the rice-growing world. Between 10% and 30% of the annual rice harvest is lost due to infection by rice blast. Mutant plants with altered response to pathogens, either gain or loss of resistance, are useful for dissecting defense mechanisms. For this purpose two rice genotypes including mutant variety Pooya (resistant) and its wild-type cultivar Mosatarom (susceptible) were used in greenhouse tests. Enzyme activities of catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POX), polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were evaluated at 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 days after inoculation with M. oryzae and the seedlings treated with sterile water was used as control. While enzyme activities of CAT, POX and PPO in the mutant variety Pooya were significantly more than Mosatarom cultivar. Analysis of MDA levels also revealed distinct differences between two genotypes. According to our results, resistance to rice blast in mutant variety Pooya might be associated with modification of antioxidant enzymes activation and membrane lipid peroxidation.