2024 : 5 : 29
Shahla Hosseini

Shahla Hosseini

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 36135806900
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Phone: 087-33664600- 2453


Cytogenetic Study of Some Allium Species (Subgenus Allium and Melanocrommyum) in Iran
Allium, B-chromosome, Chromosome number, East Azerbaijan, Karyotype, Kurdistan
Journal Cytologia
Researchers Shahla Hosseini ، Rusea Go


The karyological data of 7 species of Allium represents information in 2 parts of Iran: East Azerbaijan and Kurdistan is reported here with the basic chromosome number x8. Most of the karyotypes are symmetrical consisting of metacentric and submetacentric chromosomes. According to the results of this study A. rubellum species is diploid so that its karyotype consists of 16 chromosomes (2n2x16) whose sizes are between 8.084–10.268m m, and chromosomes pairs No. 2 and 3 includes satellites. All of the chromosomes were metacentric type. A. longicuspis species, as this study explains, is tetraploid and its karyotype includes 32 chromosomes (2n4x32) of sizes of 4.912–7.462m m. Chromosomes pairs No.4 and 6 include satellite. Also according to the results of this research, A. staminum species is diploid, with 16 chromosomes (2n2x16), with sizes between 6.807–10.456m m. A. iranicum species, is tetraploid and its karyotype includes 32 chromosome (2n4x32), with sizes of 6.719–12.221m m. A. leave, A. dictyoscordum and A. cardiostemon are diploid with 16 chromosomes. 1B chromosomes were observed for these last 2 species of East Azerbaijan populations (2n2x161B).