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Hassan Bevrani

Hassan Bevrani

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 55913436700
Faculty: Faculty of Engineering
Address: Dept. Of Electrical and Computer Eng, University of Kurdistan, Allameh Hamdi Blvd, Sanandaj PO Box 416, P. C: 66177-15175, Kurdistan, Iran
Phone: +98-87-33624001

Research

Title
On the Secondary Control Architectures of AC Microgrids: An Overview
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Centralized control, decentralized control, distributed control, communication-free control
Year
2020
Journal IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS
DOI
Researchers Mobin Naderi ، Rasool Heydari ، Hassan Bevrani ، Josep M. Guerrero ، Frede Blaabjerg ، Mohammad Fathi ، Florian Dorfler ، John W. Simpson-Porco ، Tomislav Dragicevic ، Qobad Shafiee ، Yusef Khayat

Abstract

Communication infrastructure (CI) in modern microgrids allows for the application of different control architectures for the secondary control (SC) layer. The use of new SC architectures involving CI is motivated by the need to increase MG resilience and handle the intermittent nature of distributed generation units (DGUs). The structure of secondary control is classified into three main categories including centralized SC (CSC) with a CI, distributed SC (DISC) generally with a low data rate CI, and decentralized SC (DESC) with communication-free infrastructure. To meet the MGs operational constraints and optimize performance, control and communication must be utilized simultaneously in different control layers. In this survey, we review and classify all types of SC policies from CI based methods to communication-free policies, including: CSC, averaging based DISC, consensus-based DISC methods, containment pinning consensus, event-triggered DISC, washout-filter based DESC, and state-estimation based DESC. Each structure is scrutinized from the view point of the relevant literature. Challenges such as clock drifts, cyber-security threats, and the advantage of event-triggered approaches are presented. Fully decentralized approaches based on state-estimation and observation methods are also addressed.