2024 : 2 : 23
Hassan Bevrani

Hassan Bevrani

Academic rank: Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 55913436700
Faculty: Faculty of Engineering
Address: Dept. Of Electrical and Computer Eng, University of Kurdistan, Allameh Hamdi Blvd, Sanandaj PO Box 416, P. C: 66177-15175, Kurdistan, Iran
Phone: +98-87-33624001

Research

Title
Optimal Energy Storage System-Based Virtual Inertia Placement: A Frequency Stability Point of View
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Optimal placement, frequency nadir, virtual inertia, energy storage systems, inertial response, rate of change of frequency, transient stability, uncertainty analysis, sensitivity analysis.
Year
2020
Journal IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS
DOI
Researchers Hassan Bevrani ، Bruno Francois ، Arturo Román Messina ، Shiwa Amini ، Azin Atarodi ، Hêmin Golpîra

Abstract

In this paper, the problem of optimal placement of virtual inertia is considered as a techno-economic problem from a frequency stability point of view. First, a data driven-based equivalent model of battery energy storage systems, as seen from the electrical system, is proposed. This experimentally validated model takes advantage of the energy storage system special attributes to contribute to inertial response enhancement, via the virtual inertia concept. Then, a new framework is proposed, which considers the battery storage system features, including annual costs, lifetime and state of charge, into the optimal placement formulation to enhance frequency response with a minimum storage capacity. Two well-known dynamical frequency criteria, the frequency nadir and the rate of change of frequency, are utilized in the optimization formulation to determine minimum energy storage systems. Moreover, a power angle-based stability index is also used to assess the effect of virtual inertia on transient stability. Sensitivity and uncertainty analyses are further conducted to assess the applicability of the method. The efficiency of the proposed framework is demonstrated on a linearized model of a three-area power system as well as two nonlinear systems. Simulation results suggest that the proposed method gives improved results in terms of stability measures and less ESS capacity, when compared with other methods proposed in the literature.