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Bandar Astinchap

Bandar Astinchap

Academic rank: Associate Professor
ORCID:
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 24342779500
Faculty: Faculty of Science
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Research

Title
Fabrication and characterization of novel antifouling nanofiltration membrane prepared from oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotube/polyethersulfone nanocomposite
Type
JournalPaper
Keywords
Functionalized CNT Hydrophilicity Roughness Antibiofouling
Year
2011
Journal Journal of Membrane Science
DOI
Researchers Vahid Vatanpour ، Sayed Siavash Madaeni ، Rostam Moradian ، Sirus Zinadini ، Bandar Astinchap

Abstract

This study describes the preparation, characterization and evaluation of performance and antifouling properties of mixed matrix nanofiltration membranes. The membranes were prepared by acid oxi- dized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) embedded in polyethersulfone as matrix polymer. The hydrophilicity of the membrane was enhanced by blending MWCNTs due to migration of functional- ized MWCNTs to membrane surface during the phase inversion process. The morphology studies of the prepared NF membranes by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that very large macro- voids appeared in sub-layer by addition of low amount of functionalized MWCNT leading to increase of pure water flux. By using the proper amount of modified MWCNTs, it was possible to increase both the flux and the salt rejection of the membranes. In this work, the effect of CNT/polymer membrane for fouling minimization is presented. The antifouling performance of membranes fouled by bovine serum albumin (BSA) was characterized by means of measuring the pure water flux recovery. The results indi- cate that the surface roughness of membranes play an important role in antibiofouling resistance of MWCNT membranes. The membrane with lower roughness (0.04 wt% MWCNT/PES) represented the superior antifouling property. The salt retention by the negatively charged MWCNT embedded mem- brane indicated Donnan exclusion mechanism. The salt retention sequence for 0.04 wt% MWCNT was Na 2 SO 4 (75%) > MgSO 4 (42%) > NaCl (17%) after 60 min filtration.