2024 : 5 : 18
Ayoub Saeidi

Ayoub Saeidi

Academic rank: Assistant Professor
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 565412
Faculty: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Phone: 09358896953


Astaxanthin Supplemented with High-Intensity Functional Training Decreases Adipokines Levels and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Men with Obesity
high-intensity training; astaxanthin; adipokines; cardiovascular risk factors; obesity
Researchers Ayoub Saeidi ، Akbar Nouri-Habashi ، Omid Arazi ، Ali Ataeinosrat ، Hiwa Rahmani ، Shirin Shirzad Mollabashi ، behnam bagherzadeh rahmani ، Shahin Mahmoudi Aghdam ، Leila Khalajzadeh ، Maisa Hamed Al Kiyumi ، Anthony C. Hackney ، Ismail Laher ، Katie M. Heinrich ، Hassane Zouhal


The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 12 weeks of high-intensity training with astaxanthin supplementation on adipokine levels, insulin resistance and lipid profiles in males with obesity. Sixty-eight males with obesity were randomly stratified into four groups of seventeen subjects each: control group (CG), supplement group (SG), training group (TG), and training plus supplement group (TSG). Participants underwent 12 weeks of treatment with astaxanthin or placebo (20 mg/d capsule daily). The training protocol consisted of 36 sessions of high-intensity functional training (HIFT), 60 min/sessions, and three sessions/week. Metabolic profiles, body composition, anthropometrical measurements, cardio-respiratory indices and adipokine [Cq1/TNF-related protein 9 and 2 (CTRP9 and CTRP2) levels, and growth differentiation factors 8 and 15 (GDF8 and GDF15)] were measured. There were significant differences for all indicators between the groups (p < 0.05). Post-hoc analysis indicated that the levels of CTRP9, CTRP2, and GDF8 were different from CG (p < 0.05), although levels of GDF15 were similar to CG (p > 0.05). Levels of GDF8 were similar in the SG and TG groups (p > 0.05), with reductions of GDF15 levels in both training groups (p < 0.05). A total of 12 weeks of astaxanthin supplementation and exercise training decreased adipokines levels, body composition (weight, %fat), anthropometrical factors (BMI), and improved lipid and metabolic profiles. These benefits were greater for men with obesity in the TSG group.