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Abbas Farshad

Academic rank: Associate Professor
Education: PhD.
ScopusId: 23970044300
Faculty: Faculty of Agriculture
Phone: 08716627726


Ginger and echinacea extracts improve the quality and fertility potential of frozen-thawed ram epididymal spermatozoa
Epididymal spermatozoa Echinacea extract Freezing extender Ginger extract In vitro fertilization
Journal Cryobiology
Researchers Zahra Merati ، Abbas Farshad


The current study examined the impact of the supplementation of ginger and echinacea extract, as natural antioxidant agents, in freezing extender on the quality and fertility potential of ram epididymal spermatozoa after cryopreservation. Epididymal spermatozoa isolated from Forty testicles, obtained from 20 rams, with motility >80% and total morphological abnormalities <10% were pooled, divided into 7 aliquots and used for cryopreservation. The semen samples were re-suspended with basic Tris egg yolk diluent containing ginger and echinacea extracts (5, 10 and 20 mg/l). The control diluent comprised of only extender and lacked any antioxidant agent. For the determination of sperm quality, frozen straws were thawed after 7–10 days, and then the sperm characteristics were assessed. The supplementation of ginger at a concentration of 10 mg/l, as well as the addition of 10 and 20 mg/l echinacea extract significantly improved total motility and velocity parameters. The status of acrosome integrity and lipid peroxidation significantly improved in spermatozoa when supplemented with 10 mg/l ginger and 20 mg/l echinacea extract. Also, 5 mg/l ginger extract and 20 mg/l echinacea extract significantly improved mitochondrial activity. The highest ratio of the dispersion of sperm chromatin was observed in spermatozoa treated with 10 mg/l ginger extract. The cleavage rate was markedly higher in matured oocytes that were fertilized with frozen spermatozoa treated with 20 mg/l ginger extract and 10 mg/l echinacea. The application of ginger and echinacea extract resulted in improvement in the quality and fertility of frozenthawed spermatozoa. However, future studies are wanted to elucidate how the active components in these extracts prevent cryo-damages in spermatozoa.